So what is chemical analysis? It is the process of determining the physical and sometimes chemical properties or compositions of samples of matter. It relies on the use of measurements that can be divided into two alternate categories, classic analysis and instrumental analysis.
The majority of chemical analyses find themselves in the instrumental category. It is a type of analysis that uses specific instruments, which are only available to the analyst, to perform the chemical task. The instrument(s) works by characterising a chemical reaction between both the substances being analysed and an added reagent, in other ways, it can be used to measure the property of the substances analysed.
Through the process of instrumental analysis, an analyst has an abundance of instruments that can be used during this process, and depending upon the instrument used, a sub-category is created for the end result.
Another alternate measurement category is classic analysis. This can also be deemed as wet chemical analysis, as it uses no electronic or mechanical instruments, only balance. This type of measurement focuses on the chemical reactions between certain materials that are being analysed, as well as the reagent that is added to spur the reaction. The wet techniques can depend upon the format of a material that the chemical reaction is measured from.